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Stainless Steel Chart


We posted our online knife steel chart in 1998 and have done our best to keep it up to date since then. We intend to provide an authoritative guide for researching and appreciating the different blade steels that a knife can be made with. While no two people may agree on the best knife steel, the information in this guide can be used as a starting place for comparison.

Steel
Carbon (C)
Nickel (Ni)
Cobalt (Co)
Typical Hardness
1.4116 0.45-.050 0.40 14.50-14.80 0.10 0.60 55-57
13C26 0.65 0.65 13.00 58-60
14-4CrMo 1.05 0.50 14.00 4.00 60-62
154CM 1.05 0.5 14.0 4.0 58-62
19C27 0.95 0.70 13.50 61-62
20CV 1.90 .30 20.00 4.00 1.00 .60 60
3Cr13 0.32 1.00 12.00-14.00 54-56
4034 0.42-0.5 1.00 12.50-14.50 54-55
420J2 0.15 1.0 12.00-14.00 49-53
420HC 0.40-0.50 0.8 12.00-14.00 0.18 0.6 56-58
425 Modified 0.40-0.54 0.50 13.50-15.00 0.10 0.60-1.00 57-59
440XH 1.60 .50 16.00 0.35 0.45 0.80 60-62
440A 0.65-0.75 1.0 16.00-18.00 0.75 55-57
440B 0.75-0.95 1.00 16.00-18.00 0.75 57-59
440C 0.95-1.20 1.0 16.00-18.00 0.75 57-59
7Cr17 0.60-0.75 ≤1.00 16.00-18.00 ≤0.60 ≤0.75 54-56
8Cr13MoV 0.80 0.40 13.00 0.20 0.10 0.15 58-59
9Cr13CoMoV 0.85 1.00 13.50 0.20 0.20 1.00 58-60
9Cr18MoV 0.95 0.30 16.00 0.10 0.50 58-60
5Cr15MoV 0.45-0.50 0.40 14.50-15.00 0.10 0.60 55-57
Acuto+ 0.90-0.95 0.50 17.0-18.0 0.10-0.25 1.30-1.50 59-60
ATS34 1.05 0.40 14.00 4.0 59-61
ATS-55 1.00 0.50 14.00 0.60 0.40 59-61
AUS-4 0.40-0.45 1.00 13.00-14.50 0.49 55-57
AUS-6 0.55-0.65 1.0 13.00-14.50 0.49 0.10-0.25 55-57
AUS-8 0.70-0.75 0.5 13.00-14.50 0.49 0.10-0.26 0.10-0.30 57-59
AUS-10 0.95-1.10 0.50 13.00-14.50 0.49 0.10-0.27 0.10-0.31 58-60
BG-42 1.15 0.50 14.50 1.20 4.00 59-61
Bohler K110 1.55 0.35 11.80 0.95 0.80 58-60
Bohler M390 1.90 0.30 20.00 4.00 1.00 0.60 60-62
CPM-125V 3.20-3.40 0.40-0.60 13.75-14.25 0-0.40 11.5-12.25 2.25-2.75 0-0.50 0-0.50 59-61
CPM-154 1.05 0.60 14.00 4.00 59-61
CPM-M4 1.42 4.00 4.00 5.25 5.5 60-62
CPM-S30V® 1.45 14.00 4.00 2.00 59-61
CPM-S35VN® 1.40 14.00 3.00 2.00 59-61
CPM-S60V® 2.15 0.40 17.00 5.50 0.40 58-60
CPM-S90V® 2.30 14.00 9.00 1.00 56-58
CTS-40CP 0.90-1.20 1.0 16.00-18.00 0.75 59-60
ELMAX 1.70 0.30 18.00 3.00 1.00 58-62
G-2 0.90 0.60 15.50 0.30 56-58
GIN-1 0.90 0.60 15.50 0.30 56-58
H1 0.15 2.00 14.00-16.00 6.00-8.00 .50-1.50 **
LV-02 0.68 0.6 13.0
LV-03 0.95 0.65 13.5 58-60
LV-04 0.90 0.7 18.0 0.10 1.15 59
M390 1.90 0.30 20.00 4.00 1.00 0.60 60-62
MBS-26 0.85-1.00 0.30-0.60 13.00-15.00 0.15-0.25
MBS-30 1.12 0.50 14.00 0.25 0.60
N690 1.07 17.00 0.1 1.50 60
RWL-34 1.05 0.50 14.00 0.20 4.00 59-64
Sandvik 12C27 0.60 0.40 13.5 57-59
Sandvik 12C27Mod 0.52 .60 14.50 55-57
T5MoV 0.50 14.0 0.15 0.35 56-58
T6MoV 0.60 14.2 0.23 0.10 0.65 54-56
VG-10 0.95-1.05 0.50 14.50-15.50 0.10-0.30 0.90-1.20 1.30-1.50 59-61
X-15 TN 0.42 0.46 15.55 0.30 0.29 1.70 58-60
ZDP-189 3.00 20.00 64-66
Steel Carbon (C) Manganese (Mn) Chromium (Cr) Nickel (Ni) Vanadium (V) Molybdenum (Mo) Tungsten (W) Cobalt (Co) Typical Hardness